I like living in git bash on windows, however I also sometimes really need to jump into visual studio or sublime, so below are the two commands I run in git bash to add the shortcuts into bash.

visual studio

echo "alias vs=\"/c/Program\ Files\ \(x86\)/Microsoft\ Visual\ Studio\ 12.0/Common7/IDE/devenv.exe\"" >> ~/.bashrc

N.B. you may need to alter your path if you’re running x86

sublime text 2

echo "alias subl=\"/c/Program\ Files/Sublime\ Text\ 2/sublime_text.exe\"" >> ~/.bashrc

Then I can just use

vs solution.sln &

or

subl file.md &